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   Algeria

CONTAINER INFORMATION

Abbreviation

DZA

Website

Algeria

Established

7/3/1962

Discontinued

 

Last Modified

3/14/2013


Institutions

Algerian Executive

Prime Minister

Assembly

Algerian Assembly

Aïn Defla

Aïn Témouchent

Adrar

Alger

Annaba

Batna

Béchar

Béjaïa

Biskra

Blida

Bordj Bou Arréridj

Bouira

Boumerdès

Chlef

Constantine

Djelfa

El Bayadh

El Oued

El Tarf

Ghardaïa

Guelma

Illizi

Jijel

Khenchela

Laghouat

M'Sila

Mascara

Médéa

Mila

Mostaganem

Naâma

Oran

Ouargla

Oum el Bouaghi

Relizane

Saïda

Sétif

Sidi Bel Abbès

Skikda

Souk Ahras

Tamanghasset

Tébessa

Tiaret

Tindouf

Tipaza

Tissemsilt

Tizi Ouzou

Tlemcen


DESCRIPTION

After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the 1950s to achieve independence in 1962. Algeria's primary political party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), has dominated politics ever since. Many Algerians in the subsequent generation were not satisfied, however, and moved to counter the FLN's centrality in Algerian politics. The surprising first round success of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in the December 1991 balloting spurred the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power. The army began a crack down on the FIS that spurred FIS supporters to begin attacking government targets. The government later allowed elections featuring pro-government and moderate religious-based parties, but did not appease the activists who progressively widened their attacks. The fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense fighting between 1992-98 and which resulted in over 100,000 deaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. The government gained the upper hand by the late-1990s and FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000. However, small numbers of armed militants persist in confronting government forces and conducting ambushes and occasional attacks on villages. The army placed Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA in the presidency in 1999 in a fraudulent election but claimed neutrality in his 2004 landslide reelection victory. Longstanding problems continue to face BOUTEFLIKA in his second term, including the ethnic minority Berbers' ongoing autonomy campaign, large-scale unemployment, a shortage of housing, unreliable electrical and water supplies, government inefficiencies and corruption, and the continuing - although significantly degraded - activities of extremist militants. Algeria must also diversify its petroleum-based economy, which has yielded a large cash reserve but which has not been used to redress Algeria's many social and infrastructure problems. National Flag Description: The colors of the flag symbolize Islam (green), purity (white) and liberty (red). The crescent and star is a symbol of Islam, with the crescent being more closed than in other Muslim countries because the Algerians believe that the long horns of the crescent bring happiness. Religious Adherents http://www.thearda.com/internationalData/countries/Country_4_2.asp Muslim 96.9% Non-religious 3.0% Christian 0.2%


INFO LINKS

MAP

 


MEDIA

NEWS

Date

Category

Headline

Contributor

2/11/2011 7:00 pm

General

Algeria moves to stave off unrest

ChronoT

6/23/2008 10:55 am

News

In Algeria, a Tug of War for Young Minds

ArmyDem

4/11/2007 2:40 pm

News

Al Qaeda claims deadly Algiers bombings

RP

12/28/2003 12:00 am

News

Mass grave 'unearthed in Algeria'

Picimpalious


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