Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosna i Hercegovina
Formerly administered by the defunct Serbian controlled nation of Yugoslavia, Bosnia and Herzegovina are Southeastern European states bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia. Upon declaring independence from Yugoslavia, Serbians took arms to stop the Bosniaks and Croats from seceding. Ethnic war lasted until 1995 when the Dayton Agreement was signed. The Dayton Agreement established legal boundaries between the the warring states now known as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Serbia. That same year, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization were charged with enforcing the Dayton Agreement with the presence of peacekeeping forces.
With its capital in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina have two first-order administrative divisions and one internationally supervised district: Federacija Bosna i Hercegovina (Bosniak Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina), Republika Srpska (Srpska Republic), and the Brcko Distrikt (Brcko District).
A federal democratic republic, Bosnia and Herzegovina are led by three presidents (one Bosniak, one Croat, one Serb) who take turns assuming the ceremonial duties of President every eight months. The President is the Head of State. Presidential terms are for four years, elected by popular vote. The Head of Government is the Chairman of the Council of Ministers, diplomatically referred to as a premier. He leads the Council of Ministers which stands as the nation's cabinet. Legislation is the jurisdiction of the bicameral Parliamentary Assembly or Skupstina. It consists of the National House of Representatives or Predstavnicki Dom and the House of Peoples or Dom Naroda.