Several different small parties have used the label
of the "American Party." Chronologically, the more
important of them were:
1843--1856: The American Party was a nativist party,
with strength throughout the nation. It won many
races in the early 1840s, particularly in cities. In
several states, it was originally known as the Native
American Party. Its 1847 national convention in
Philadelphia adopted the name American Party but
allowed state affiliates to retain their local names.
The party received a boost when the Know Nothing
movement began in the early 1850s and raised the
party to a major force nationally. The party divided
in 1856, when most of its northern adherents joined
the Republicans. The party remained the opposition
party to the Democrats in several southern states
until the Civil War. National conventions: 1848 , 1852 , 1856 .
1886--1891: A fleeting American Party was in
existence, nominating national tickets which ran
under several different labels in different states.
1906--1910: An American Party was active in Utah
1914--1916: An American Party was active in New York
State (it ran a slate of electors pledged to Charles
E. Hughes in 1916)
1920, 1924: The label "American Party" was used for
the independent candidacies of James Ferguson and Gilbert
1968-1996: The American Party was one of the names of
state affiliates of the George Wallace campaign.
After the 1972 election, the different state
affiliates divided into two parties, usually called
the American and American Independent Parties but
with state affiliates sometimes using different
names. The American Party candidates for president
and vice president last appeared on the ballot in
1996 although they held national conventions in 2000,
2004, 2008, 2012, and 2016. National conventions
(lots of details here): 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008.
2013-present: A third party called the American
Party is active in South Carolina. The party
seeks to elect moderate candidates.