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   Democrat-Locofoco

PARTY INFORMATION

Abbreviation

DemLF

Website

Link

Country

United States

Founded

00/00/0000

Disbanded

Active

Priority

0

Database Record

Posted 1/29/2011, Updated 1/29/2011

Historic Overview

The Locofocos were a radical faction of the Democratic Party that existed from 1835 until the mid-1840s. The faction was originally named the Equal Rights Party, and was created in New York City as a protest against that city’s regular Democratic organization (“Tammany Hall”). It contained a mixture of anti-Tammany Democrats and labor union veterans of the Working Men's Party. They were vigorous advocates of laissez-faire and opponents of monopoly. Their leading intellectual was libertarian editorial writer William Leggett. The term “Locofoco” derives from “locofoco, a kind of friction match,” the name of which match itself probably derives from “locomotive + Italian fuoco, foco fire, from Latin focus hearth.”[1] It originated when a group of New York Jacksonians used such matches to light candles to continue a political meeting after Tammany men tried to break up the meeting by turning off the gaslights.


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