The Peace and Freedom Party is a ballot-listed
minor party in California. It first appeared in
1966 when three people ran for the U.S. House
under the PFP label: two in Washington State and
one in New York State.
The party was officially organized on 6/23/1967 by
social activists in the farm worker, civil rights,
and anti-Vietnam movements. In the beginning, the
PFP intended to be a nationwide party. It held a
national convention in Ann Arbor MI on 8/17-18-
1968. Eldridge Cleaver was nominated for President
over Richard C. "Dick" Gregory by a margin of
161.5 to 54. However, Gregory formed a competing
Freedom and Peace party and ran separately.
In the election of 1968, the PFP ran a number of
candidates nationwide. Its national tickets fared
rather poorly. Gregory garnered 47,097 votes
compared to 36,623 for Cleaver. PFP candidates for
the U.S. Senate garnered an aggregate nationwide
total of 105,411 votes. The PFP gained ballot
access in California, which it retained except for
the brief period 2002-2003.
The national PFP eroded quickly after the 1968
election. In 1972, a new "People's Party" was
organized with the PFP as the California state
affiliate. The PFP endorsed the People's nominees
in 1972 (Benjamin Spock) and 1976 (Margaret
After the demise of the People's Party of 1972-
1976, the PFP was sustained in California. It
usually runs its own nominees for President,
although in 1984 it endorsed the Citizen's Party
candidate, Sonia Johnson.